Deep Draw Stamping Benefits

The benefits of utilizing the Transfer Style Press for Deep Drawn Components include:

  • High speed production of parts with exacting tolerances.
  • Favorable tooling costs as compared to many other manufacturing methods.
  • Capable of drawing virtually any type of metal including some exotic alloys.
  • Oscillating feeds alloys multiple rows of “blanks” for best utilization of material.
  • Blanks are freed from the parent strip material which allows easy formability.
  • Dwell times at the top and bottom of the stroke allows for other work to be done within the press which are normally costly secondary operations.

The benefits of utilizing Stewart EFI as your “GO TO” source for your deep draw applications:

  • A company commitment to assist you in every step of the way to a cost effective solution for the manufacturing of your parts from design to production.
  • A commitment to satisfy your quality, performance and delivery requirements.
  • Capable of supplying prototypes from production intent processes to support your trial runs.
  • Extensive pre-production planning (APQP) and FMEA analysis.
  • Tooling is guaranteed for the life of the part with no maintenance costs to you.
  • Tooling sensors for die and defect detection with shut-off capabilities.
  • Press monitoring sensors to avoid potential overloads and costly downtime.
  • A highly skilled and experienced workforce to support your needs.

History of the Deep Draw Process

The origins of the “Deep Drawn” or “Eyelet” process utilizing transfer presses (AKA "Eyelet Machines") dates back to the 1800’s in the "Naugatuck Valley" in the state of Connecticut and is described below in an article entitled; “Men, Minds & Machines” written by the “Mattatuck Historical Society” in 1981.

Birthplace of an “Eyelet Machine"

“Brass is the City of Waterbury” but for it the city would be no city! This sentence began a report in the 1869 Boston Commercial Bulletin describing Waterbury, Connecticut and the general area (the Naugatuck Valley) in its finest time. The eyelet industry is an outgrowth of the brass business which was so prominent in this area in the 19th and early 20th centuries. For decades, Waterbury, Connecticut was known as the "brass city of the world". The following perspective gives an historical overview of the roots of the eyelet machine. In the late 18th century agriculture in the rocky and sometimes swampy areas around Waterbury was giving way to the Industrial Revolution. The Naugatuck River and Mad River, once used to power sawmills and gristmills were being eyed as power sources for shops and waterways to markets. Farmer’s sons turned into craftsmen using their hands to form metal and wood rather than till the earth. In the Waterbury area, two businesses began the first steps into the Industrial Revolution. The clock field was pioneered by Eli Terry in 1793, while Abel and Levi Porter began producing metal buttons in 1802. Both industries required brass which was very malleable for the crude tools of the day. The formation of buttons became more sophisticated as the original Porter business was sold to Frederick Leavenworth, David Hayden and J.M. Scovill in 1811. This company eventually became the Scovill Manufacturing Company.

In the early 1800’s the growing need for forming brass evolved because of the introduction of gas lighting. The demand for tubing and lamps for public and private gas lighting became another offshoot of brass forming technology.

The need for more workable forms of brass led Aaron Benedict and Alfred Platt to import heavy rolls from England in 1824 and start the Platt Mills Company. These rolls were utilized to make brass into the more versatile form of sheet. This growing technology for forming brass again came into demand for wire used for electricity, telegraph and telephones.

To complete with more refined methods of brass formation in England, an entire industry of specialized machines was born in the Waterbury area to fabricate brass. This industry was pioneered by Eli and Frank Manville in the mid 1800’s. Eli Manville was considered a natural master mechanic and genius who had gained various experiences by working in many of the local factories. He founded the Eli Manville Company in 1878 and invented such machines as the "Four Slide" and "Hendey Planer and Shaper". The company continued under son Bob and eventually was sold. While in existence, the company built the first "eyelet" machine, or as it is more correctly called, the transfer press. The machine was built to fabricate brass into reinforcing eyelets for shoes, tents and corsets. Over the years the versatility of the machine became evident and further advances in tool steel and tool design made way for the production of thousands of various shapes and forms. The Waterbury Farrell Company, now a division of Textron, Inc., continued the tradition of the now defunct Manville Company and further refined the mechanical workings of the transfer press.

The last of the large brass fabricators have all but left the Naugatuck Valley. However, its offshoot, the "eyelet" industry and the many eyelet craftsmen, have survived to form the hub of a very unique and prosperous industry. Although some eyelet operations exist outside of this geographic region, the talent for this field is overwhelmingly settled in the Naugatuck Valley, the birthplace of eyelet technology.